What’s the Difference Between DTG and Screen Printing?

Screen printing is the more traditional technique that involves pushing the inkonto the t-shirt fabric  through a stencil, while direct to garment is a newer method that uses a printer to apply the ink to the shirt.

What is Direct to Garment (DTG) Printing?

DTG printing involves the use of a digital printer to apply ink directly onto the fabric of the apparel you’re customizing.

This is a newer t-shirt printing method that’s gained a lot of popularity in recent years thanks to technological improvements in DTG printers. DTG printing creates a precisely printed design with a high level of detail.

Direct to garment or DTG printing creates very precise results on custom t-shirts.

How Does DTG Printing Work?

DTG printing works like the inkjet printer in your home office. The printer translates the digital image or graphic file onto your blank tee!

DTG printers are large and capable of handling all kinds of designs in many colors. Water-based ink is applied in a single layer that quickly absorbs into the shirt’s fibers. The DTG printing method is precise and produces high-quality results, but the ink is not as deeply soaked into the fabric as with other methods like screen printing.

What Type of Designs Work Best on DTG Printed Shirts?

What is Screen Printing?

Screen printing is the classic, tried-and-true method of pushing ink through a woven mesh stencil onto the fabric.

It’s a craft that skilled printers have perfected over the years to produce great-looking, durable clothing. As a more labor-intensive process, screen printing produces beautiful, saturated colors and a distinctive, authentic appearance.

Screen printed t-shirts are a classic and cost effective option.

How Does Screen Printing Work?

Screen printing involves the process of pushing the ink through a woven mesh stencil onto the fabric.

Each color used in the design is printed separately with its own screen. This means your design must first be broken down into different layers by color. This is typically done using design software like Photoshop or Illustrator.

Next, a woven screen stencil is used to apply a single color of ink at a time — one stencil per color used in the shirt’s design.

The ink is pulled across the stencil using a blade or foam tool, producing a single layer of the design with full, saturated color.

This process means that screen printing is better suited to certain kinds of t-shirt designs. However, it produces high-quality results that have remained extremely popular with consumers for decades.

Custom screens are made for each color when screen printing t-shirts.

What Type of Designs Work Best on Screen Printed Shirts?

This makes custom screen printed shirts a smarter choice for larger fundraisers/events like charity races, 5k races, schoo events, or a fundraising campaign. 

How Do DTG Printed Shirts and Screen Printed Shirts Compare?

Since these t-shirt printing methods are so different, there are naturally a few pros and cons to each. 

Depending on the specifics of your custom printing project, one will likely be a better choice than the other. The biggest differences that you should consider when choosing a method fall into two general categories — design and cost.

Differences Between Screen Printed Designs and DTG Designs

When produced by a professional using the right equipment, either printing process will result in a high-quality t-shirt, but a few important differences still come into play depending on your design.

DTG printing leaves a single layer of ink to create your final design, while screen printing produces several layers. This has a few important effects, particularly on how you use color in your design:

This means that certain types of t-shirt designs are better suited to each method. Simpler, stylized designs with graphics or text in a handful of colors are great for screen printing, while DTG printing can handle more elaborate designs in more colors, usually on light-colored fabric.

Difference Between DTG Costs and Screen Printing Costs

The fundamental differences between each process also translate to differences in final costs. Again, both can be great choices, but it depends entirely on the specifics of your project. Here’s how they stack up:

Screen Printing Costs

Screen printing is most cost-effective for larger batches of shirts. The stencil process means that set-up costs are a little higher, but it also makes screen printing more efficient for large orders of one design.

Using more than the recommended number of colors slows down the process, though, resulting in higher final prices, since each color used needs its own screen stencil created.

But with screen printing, there are typically cost savings built in as you print more t-shirts! Having master stencils for each layer streamlines the process as more shirts are printed.

DTG Costs

DTG printing is most cost-effective for small batches of custom printed t-shirts. The number of colors used won’t seriously affect the final price.

However, large batches will use more ink and time — the printer can only handle one shirt at a time — resulting in higher prices. DTG printing typically does not offer bulk savings the way that screen printing does.

The scope of your custom t-shirt printing project should be a consideration as you choose a printing service to handle it. Some custom apparel services offer just one or the other, while some offer both DTG and screen printing options depending on the size of your project.

If you choose a DTG only service, your cost per shirt does not drop as you purchase more, whereas you typically will pay less per shirt as quantities increase when screen printing.

Finding a custom t-shirt printing service that can offer the best of both techniques — DTG and more traditional screen printing — will get you the best value in the long run. Understanding the differences between the two methods will help you to better determine exactly what you need from a partner as you get started with your custom t-shirt project!

The Print Chef uses both DTG and screen printing as well as various heat transfer methods.
 That’s why we’re able to offer you affordable custom garments for any project and with no order minimums. No matter how many shirts, backpacks, hats you need or what your design looks like, The Print Chef's got the tools to offer you the best quality and price for your custom apparel!